Wolves are magnificent animals that have unfortunately been extirpated from many parts of the world. By the mid 20th century, the grey wolf (Canis lupus) was exterminated from (a) great part of the United States and Mexico. Restoring the historic population size would be impossible, since a big proportion of the genetic diversity has been lost, (as well as sustainable habitat). Furthermore reintroduction of wolves frequently faces other difficulties such as diverging opinions between anti-wolf activists and conservationists. Fear and hate toward wolves are attitudes that, although have been changing over the years thanks to education and conservation programs, still exist and are used as a strong argument to indiscriminately kill them. Hunters are afraid that because of wolves, their favorite common prey such as deer will be significantly reduced. However, studies have shown that deer, elk, and other ungulate populations have actually become healthier after the wolf reintroduction. And farmers allege significant losses due to livestock predation, which again is an unfounded concept since the number of farm animals killed by wolves in a year represents a very small percentage in the total of deaths from natural causes.

Therefore, to protect this specie from extinction, ecologists, scientists and everyone who understands the wolfs important role in the ecosystem have been trying to change its negative image. They have succeeded in some parts of the world, with small wolf populations being gradually reestablished. However, the wolves’ numbers are still significantly low and there is a lot of work to be done. Humans are the major factor responsible for the extinction of many species on the planet. Wolves as all the other species in nature have an important role, which cannot be replaced. We just have to understand it…

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